~ Enter the USA’s Mujahideen ~ Pakistan: “The nation created for British India’s Muslims six decades ago”
Enter President Carter and CIA’s created and funded Mujahideen…
Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter’s former National Security Advisor in Le Nouvel Observateur in January 1998.
Question: The former director of the CIA, Robert Gates, stated in his memoirs [“From the Shadows”], that American intelligence services began to aid the Mujahideen in Afghanistan 6 months before the Soviet intervention. In this period you were the national security adviser to President Carter. You therefore played a role in this affair. Is that correct?
Brzezinski: Yes. According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahideen began during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec 1979. But the reality, secretly guarded until now, is completely otherwise Indeed, it was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention.
Bhutto’s government was over thrown by General Zia in July 1977. He was eventually hanged in April 1979 after the Military Junta with the conspiracy of Judges got him convicted first through Lahore High Court and afterwards from Supreme Court. It was a judicial murder of a leader of a developing nation.
With the undoing of Bhuttu and assiduous love for Islam of the people of Pakistan. Islam was to become a strong weapon in the hands of Americans during Afghan War, with USA’s puppet of choice General Zia in place.
The Mujahideen were born,and subsequently abandoned after the fall of USSR. Suddenly after using them to suit their purpose, USA disengaged with their leaders of Mujahideen and branded them as terrorists.
Behind the collaboration of US/Mujahideen lies the history of Bin Laden’s relations with USA. This relationship began with the CIA’s arming and funding of the Mujahideen, whom President Reagan described as “the moral equivalent of our founding fathers.”
In 1988, President Zia-ul-Haq dissolved the Junejo Government and announced that fresh elections would be held in November 1988. But on August 17, 1988, he was killed in a C-130 plane crash in Bhawalpur. The cause of the crash has never been ascertained and remains a mystery.
After the death of General Zia, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Chairman of the Senate, took over as acting President. The Revival of the Constitutional Order had amended the Constitution, which empowered the President to appoint, at his discretion, any member of the National Assembly as Prime Minister. Ghulam Ishaq Khan appointed Benazir Bhutto as Prime Minister of Pakistan on the condition that she would offer full support to him in the forthcoming presidential elections. Conflict between the President and the Bhutto arose in two areas; the appointment of the Military Chiefs and the Superior Court Judges.
The conflict between President and Prime Minister had its drop scene on August 6, 1990, the President dissolved the National Assembly and Benazir Bhutto was dismissed from power. The dissolution of the National Assembly was soon followed by the dissolution of the Provincial Assemblies. Fresh elections were scheduled on October 24, 1990. President Ghulam Ishaq Khan appointed Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi as the caretaker Prime Minister.
Elections for the National and Provincial Assemblies were held on October 24 and 27, 1990, respectively. Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was elected as Prime Minister on November 1, 1990. Nawaz Sharif’s Government remained in power till April 19, 1993. President Ghulam Ishaq Khan again dissolved the National Assembly, exercising his power once again through the Eighth Amendment, and appointed Mir Balakh Sher Khan Mazari as the caretaker Prime Minister. General Elections were scheduled to be held on July 14, 1993, but were canceled when the Supreme Court quashed the Presidential Order and reinstated Nawaz Sharif as the Prime Minister. Nawaz Sharif served two non-consecutive terms from November 1990 to July 1993, and from February 1997 until October 12, 1999.
Sharif’s approval rating fell dramatically due to rising unemployment and record foreign debt. The military rulers appointed at Wall Street’s behest, a vice-president of Citigroup, Shaukat Aziz, who at the time was head of CitiGroup’s Global Private Banking. (See WSWS.org, 30 October 1999). Problems with judicial authorities and Pakistan Armed Forces further escalated and Sharif was finally ousted in an military coup d’état led by General Musharraf.
The Saudi’s favored “president-in-exile,” Nawaz Sharif, returned in a triumphant homecoming late 2007, throwing down a challenge to the rule of Gen. Musharraf. He returned after eight years of forced exile by Musharraf. Now in Pakistan, Sharif successfully called for Musharraf’s impeachment and the reinstatement of Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.
The U.S. was hoping to throw the deeply corrupt but Westernized Benazir Bhutto into the mix out of fear that Sharif was soft on Muslim fanatics in his own country as well as on the Taliban.
Carina D 4/20/2012